Everything You Need to Know About Cricket: An Essential Guide


What is Cricket?

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. The game is played by 120 million players in many countries, making it one of the world’s most popular sports.

Cricket is played with a bat and ball and involves two competing sides (teams) of 11 players each. The objective of the game is for a side to score more runs than the other. The side batting first tries to score as many runs as possible, while the side bowling tries to dismiss the batting side’s players and limit the number of runs scored.

The game is adjudicated by two umpires, who make all on-field decisions. The captain of the side batting first is the captain of the match.

Cricket Rules

Cricket is played according to a set of rules and regulations known as the Laws of Cricket. The Laws are maintained by the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London.

The game is divided into innings, during which each side takes its turn to bat and bowl. The side batting first is referred to as the batting side and the side fielding first is referred to as the fielding side.

The bowler delivers the ball to the batsman who must defend his wicket from the ball. The batsman may hit the ball away from the wicket, and if he does so, he and his partner may run between the wickets and score runs. If the bowler dismisses the batsman, the batting side loses a wicket.

The fielding side attempts to prevent the batting side from scoring runs by catching the ball in the air or by fielding it and returning it quickly to the wicket-keeper.

Types of Cricket

Cricket is played in many forms, with the most common being Test cricket, One Day Internationals (ODIs) and Twenty20 (T20).

Test cricket is a five-day format of the game and is considered the highest standard of cricket. It is played between two international teams and the team that wins the most number of matches is declared the winner.

ODIs are one-day international matches, played between two teams, usually of a similar standard. The team that scores the most runs in a set number of overs is declared the winner.

T20 cricket is a shorter form of the game, with each team having a maximum of 20 overs in which to score runs. The team that scores the most runs in its allotted overs is declared the winner.

Cricket Equipment

Cricket requires some basic equipment in order to play. This includes a bat, a ball, stumps, bails, protective clothing, gloves and a helmet.

The bat is made of willow and is used to hit the ball. The ball is made of leather and is the same size as a tennis ball. The stumps are three wooden sticks placed in the ground and the bails are two small pieces of wood that are placed on top of the stumps.

Protective clothing includes a helmet, pads, gloves and leg guards. The helmet is worn to protect the head from the ball, while the pads and gloves protect the hands and body from the ball. The leg guards are worn to protect the legs from the ball.

Cricket Terminology

Cricket has its own set of terms and jargon, which can be confusing to those new to the game. Here is a list of some of the most commonly used cricket terms:


Over – An over consists of six consecutive legal deliveries bowled by a single bowler.

Googly – A type of delivery bowled by a right-arm bowler in which the ball spins in the opposite direction to the normal spin of a right-arm bowler.


Stroke – A stroke is a shot played by the batsman.

Boundary – A boundary is the outer edge of the field, which is marked by a rope or a white line. If the ball is hit over the boundary, four runs are scored.


Catch – A catch is when a fielder catches the ball without it bouncing after it has been hit by the batsman.

Run Out – A run out is when a fielder hits the stumps with the ball while the batsman is running between the wickets.


Cricket is a sport enjoyed by millions of people around the world. It is a game of strategy, skill and tactics and requires players to have a good understanding of the rules and terminology. With its unique equipment, rules and terminology, cricket is a fascinating game that can be enjoyed by all.